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Hagia Sophia (St. Sophia)
A perfect synthesis where one can observe Ottoman & Byzantine era under one great dome
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History
Turkey has so much to offer her visitors: breathtaking natural beauties, unique historical & archaeological sites, a tradition of hospitality & competitive prices. Whatever the reason you choose to see Turkey today, you will be delighted to have seen it tomorrow. Turkey welcomes you...

There's a lot of history here. The easiest way to deal with it in a digestible format seems to be to give a chronology of the major events to begin with. We're going to use that as a framework to hang bits & pieces on later.

7500 BC   First Stone age settlements at Catalhoyuk
1900-1300 BC   Hittite Empire with Hattusas as capital, contemporary with ancient Egypt & Babylon
1250 BC   The Trojan war & the fall of Troy
1200-700 BC   Migration of Greeks to Aegean coastal regions. Establishment of the Phrygian, Ionian, Lycian, Lydian, Carian & Pamphylian Kingdoms. The East of Turkey is the home of the Urartians
725 BC King Midas rules the Phrygians from his capital of Gordion
700 BC   Homer is born in Izmir (Smyrna). Aegean Hellenism begins
546 BC   Cyrus the Great leads the Persians into Anatolia
334 BC   Alexander the Great drives out the Persians
130 BC   The Romans incorporate Anatolia as the province of Asia, controlled from Ephesus
40 BC   Antioch sees the marriage of Antony & Cleopatra
47-57 AD   St. Paul spreads Christianity & a community at Antioch is established
313 AD   Roman Empire adopts Christianity
330 AD   Constantine lays out the boundaries of his new capital, Constantinople
527-65 AD   Glory of Byzantium under Justinian
638-718 AD   Muslim Arabs besiege Constantinople
1054 AD   Greek & Roman Churches split over theology
1071-1243 AD   Rise & rule of the Selcuk Turks in Anatolia, Konya is their capital
1096-1204 AD   The Crusades, marking the beginning of the end for Byzantium, a fascinating period in Byzantine history
1288 AD   Ottoman Empire appears in Bursa
1520-66 AD   Suleyman the Magnificent sits on the Ottoman throne controlling a huge & powerful empire
1682-1725 AD   Peter the Great initiates Russo-Turkish rivalry
1854 AD   Crimean war
1909 AD   Abdul Hamid, the last of an unbroken line of Ottoman sultans is deposed
1914 AD   Turkey allies with Germany in the first world war
1915 AD   Gallipoli Campaign
1919 AD   Ataturk leads resistance to the allied plan to carve up Turkey
1923 AD   Foundation of the modern Republic of Turkey by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. Many things happen all at once
1938 AD   Ataturk dies in Istanbul's Dolmabahce palace
1939-45 AD   Turkey manages to remain neutral during the second world war
1946 AD   Charter membership of the UN
1952 AD   Turkey joins NATO


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Special Interest
The Black Sea
Fields of tea, hazelnut & corn, highways parallel to the narrow coastline, villages & beaches, a unique region of Turkey.
Honeymoon
Turkey offers many charming & romantic getaways with superb hotels & activities for a memorable honeymoon.
2012 ANZAC Day Gallipoli tours Turkey. 2012 travel packages from Istanbul to Gallipoli Turkey. 2016 ANZAC Day Gallipoli
Experience ANZAC Day in Turkey where the legend was forged. Combine ANZAC Day with a variety of travel options...
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